|6 June 2018|
The arrival of Grain in Ear signifies the ripening of awny crops such as wheat and it is also a busy period for farmers. That can be seen from many farm sayings. One of the sayings is, “Getting busy with farm work in Grain in Ear,” prevailing in many provinces. Grain in Ear is especially critical for planting rice. There is a saying in Guizhou that goes, “If you don’t plant rice in Grain in Ear, planting will be in vain.”
(Grain in ear)
The Chinese Solar Calendar is divided into 24 solar terms (节气). There are 4 seasons in a year for temperate countries around the 30 degrees latitude. There are 3 months in one season, and from the 6th of June this current month, we have entered into the 2nd month of summer, and it is called "mang zhong" or "grain in ear". This is the 9th of the 24 solar terms.
The calculation for this solar term is as follows:
where Y = last 2 digit of the year
L= previous leap year/4
21st century C=5.678，
20th century C=6.5
For example, 2010 this year.
So the date and time for 2010's summer "Mang Zhong" is June 6 at about 2:40 am
The first word "mang" (芒）refers to the grains crop that is planted for food in agriculture. [A large and widespread family of plants, the Gramineae (or Poaceae), characterized by usually hollow stems, sheath-forming leaves in two longitudinal rows, and minute flowers arranged in spikelets. The grasses include important food plants such as wheat, rice, corn, barley, oats, and sorghum and also plants for turf and fodder.]
It is a very busy time for agriculture as the grains are mature and ready for harvesting. The remainder of the seedlings that have not been transplanted should be transplanted at this seasonal marker time or else the subsequent harvests may not be as good due to the hot weather - the seedlings do not grow strong enough and may become susceptible to drought weather or insects and pests. For example, sweet potatoe crop have to be transplanted before the mid-point solar term marker of this month, "xia zhi" or else the crop may not produce tubers with good size.
Typical of the weather of this period of time is also the "Yellow Plum Rain" (Mei Yu). This is the time when the yellow plum ripens and it coincides with the gloomy rainy weather. The "Plum Rain" is a welcomed aspect for farmers, as it brings about water for the crops, but at the same time the humidity may encourage rotting and mould. This weather is typical only to the region in China around the Yang Tze River Valley.
Source: Translated and edited from Baidu.com
It is also the month of Wù Wŭ Earth (Yang) Horse, starting from June 6th, 2018.
|18 June 2018|